Below are a few plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:
The Purdue OWL website has even more detail on the proofreading process.
Students regularly underestimate the right time it will require to create an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages.
Before beginning your essay, take a good look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You may be surprised just how long the process that is whole!
As you can see through the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay several days ahead of the due date, you are going to need to do things too rapidly.
|You need time to mix most of the ingredients properly, or the final result won’t be what you want to share with you with others! if you were to think associated with the essay/cake analogy,</td>|
To write a 1000 word essay, ideally you should allow yourself about 3 weeks.
Let’s have a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ could possibly be divided in to slices:
You can see that the biggest part of your energy is spent on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of energy.
Take a good look at another model to see what you have to consider:
Here is the final type of the chocolate essay. You can even download it as a pdf document.
Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption is actually a worldwide phenomenon. To start with, chocolate, a derivative of this cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s popularity that is inherent not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more down seriously to earth; a true number of those realities will be addressed in this article. Chocolate has chemical properties that will influence mood and there’s possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such attributes that are positive counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in a few instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug rather than a food. Moreover, you have the possibility for some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it will likely be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood as well as the cardiovascular system it has additionally been linked to addiction and obesity.
Usage of chocolate is one thing that lots of enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for instance chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a systematic article on the literature in the field point to several studies, such as for example Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the mood effects of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is something that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and besides the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there is apparently research that is little any more term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study found that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary pleasure that is sensory whereas guilt has also been a statistically significant factor for most, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect would be minimalised. Since these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in the future studies may help in further comprehending the ‘feel good’ effect and much more negative emotions.
Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, could be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) which help in delaying blood clotting and reducing inflammation (Schramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate have to be considered into the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The answer to maximising some great benefits of flavanols in chocolate generally seems to lie into the degree of fats present. Cocoa, which is simply chocolate minus the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation of the flavanols involves compounds that are such contained in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where these are generally biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).
The biological makeup of chocolate can be relevant in determining whether chocolate is way better seen as a food or a drug, nevertheless the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like fatty that is unsaturated (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) that could represent a neurochemical dependency prospect of chocolate, yet are present in exceedingly smaller amounts. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study found that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a negative correlation between chocolate consumption and mood. It is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, in the place of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it’s been argued that chocolate may also be used as a form of self-medication, especially in reference to magnesium deficiency. A study by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies done by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could possibly be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, it would appear that the proportion of people using chocolate as a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.
A final point to consider pertaining to chocolate may be the perception that chocolate is related to obesity. An individual is defined as being obese when their Body Mass Index is higher than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that we now have no correlations that are specific the 2 variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This is certainly typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who found that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a small grouping of adults demonstrated no significant weight increase. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is not expected to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie intake that is dense higher than necessary for bodily function, allowing for degrees of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical almost certainly going to consume a great many other sweet foods and get less likely to take exercise than other people, so chocolate consumption is just one possible variable when contemplating what causes obesity.
Obesity and chocolate consumption seemingly have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate essay writing focused arguments have now been presented, like the transient effectation of chocolate on mood as well as the fact that it is as likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the possibility advantages of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset by the high fat/carbohydrate content of all forms of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can also be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which may help explain some addictive type behaviour, especially in relation to nervous tension in women, but there is however also a good research focus on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It may therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a food that is healthy but can be enjoyed as part of a healthy and balanced and balanced lifestyle and diet.
‘Integrity’ relates to ‘honesty’, and integrity that is academic writing in a genuine way, in order that no one will think you might be claiming that words or ideas from somebody else are your own personal. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.
Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.
Of course, when we write an essay we have to make reference to other people’s ideas. We gave some of the reasons behind this before: